We often forget how important water is and than it is also needed to generate electricity. An excerpt from Colorado’s water information program newsletter:
“The link between energy and water use tis often referred to as the energy-water nexus. Consider some of the following energy and water related statistics:
· It takes at least one gallon of water to create one kWh of electricity.
· It takes from one gallon of water per gallon of oil to get it out of the earth to 350 gallons of water per gallon of oil when it is harder to find.
· Burning coal and oil = 1-2 gallons/kWh. Hydroelectric = 18 gallons/kWh.
· Burn a 60W bulb 12hrs/day = 3,000-6,300 gallons of water/year
· Central air conditioner @ 12 hrs/day = up to 16,800 gallons of water/year.
· In California, 20% of energy in the state is used to move water and 49% of water is used to create energy.
By now, most of us know that agricultural irrigation accounts for 75-90% of water diverted or pumped, both globally and in the U.S. The majority (62%) of U.S. irrigation uses older, center pivot technology. operating characteristics of traditional center pivots versus mid- and low-elevation spray applications are….”
Yazev: Norwegian gas to Murmansk | Barentsnova Valery Yazev [duma rep] says the region should not rely upon a single source of energy, while there should be a ‘basketful of energy carriers’. Apart from gas, there are two other possible solutions for Murmansk: electricity and peat could become its energy resources. Deposits of peat are found in proximity to Kandalaksha. The Murmansk region laid its hopes on gas supplies from the Shtokman field. Alas, the final investment decision (FID) has never been taken. However, the Barents Sea resources of gas are still on the agenda, says Yazev. Statoil recently presented its cost reduction ideas for the Shtokman project development. The company suggests either to install the platform in shallow waters or to arrange underwater transportation of gas (then no platform will be needed at all). These solutions could gain 2-3% of profits, calculated Statoil. “They use this downtime in the absence of FID to find a cost-efficient solution. Though it has not been found yet, as far as I know”, said Yazev. A few Russian media sources claim Frances’s Total and Russia’s Gazprom are meeting Thursday to discuss the destiny of Shtokman. http://www.barentsnova.com/node/2283
PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENT: On March 29, 2013 Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced that USDA is seeking applications to provide assistance to agricultural producers and rural small businesses for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. Funding is available from USDA’s Rural Energy for America Program (REAP). The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) remains focused on carrying out its mission, despite a time of significant budget uncertainty. Today’s announcement is one part of the Department’s efforts to strengthen the rural economy. “The Obama Administration continues its commitment to help our nation become more energy independent by partnering with agricultural producers and rural small businesses as they build renewable energy systems and reduce energy usage,” said Vilsack. “These investments will not only help our farmers and rural small businesses reduce energy costs, but also provide a new potential revenue source and stabilize their operations’ bottom lines.” REAP, authorized by the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, (Farm Bill) is designed to help agricultural producers and rural small businesses reduce energy costs and consumption and help meet the Nation’s critical energy needs. USDA is accepting the following applications: http://www.waterinfo.org/node/6661